Ulrike Lehmann is on Facebook. Around 9.50pm, the spotlights that had been flooding the stage with bright white light were turned off. This solution was even more advisable because ‘youths were drawn to everything to do with technology and admired the audacity and skill of the motorbike riders’. famous for their German adaptations of Beatles hits. See the Report on the execution and experience of the police measures. The band had only been playing for ten minutes when several dozen fans climbed onto the stage to join the musicians. The group then took a top secret route through the Berlin backstreets to get to the pressroom of the publisher Springer, where a press conference was held, having only been announced a short time before. 56 ‘Extract from the Report of the Institute of Police, Paris,’ Bayer. The incidents that took place during the Rolling Stones’ Berlin concert demonstrate in an exemplary fashion how the emergence of new forms of culture in the 1960s did not occur without conflict. Polizei Direktion 6 (Südost) Verkehrsunfalldienst Nipkowstraße 23, Berlin (Bezirk Treptow-Köpenick) ... Hotel & Restaurant Haus Irmer Kolkwitz. Sportlerheim Wolfsberg. Police riot squads ready for action,” Melody Maker, September 5, 1964, p. 1. The events within the venue were also meticulously documented. Hotel & Restaurant Haus Irmer Berliner Straße 88, 03099 Kolkwitz. A little earlier, the first isolated cases of ‘police battoning’ had been reported, to prevent groups of ticketless fans from forcing their way inside. London: Routledge, 2014. For comparative purposes, the German police also looked at similar events that had taken place abroad. 50 At the Civic Center in Baltimore, this ban remained in place until 1970; See: Linda Martin and Kerry Segrave, Anti-rock, p. 131-132; Karen Sternheimer, Pop Culture Panics: How Moral Crusaders Construct Meanings of Deviance and Delinquency (London: Routledge, 2014), p. 113. Konsum und Politik in der westdeutschen Jugendkultur der 60er Jahre. Portions of benches were smashed, shoes, clothes, empty bottles etc. A little earlier, the first isolated cases of ‘police battoning’ had been reported, to prevent groups of ticketless fans from forcing their way inside. From 9.10pm onwards, the atmosphere started to ‘become heated’. », Criminocorpus [En ligne], Rock et violences en Europe, Blousons noirs et rébellions, mis en ligne le 11 juillet 2019, consulté le 27 décembre 2020. : in Blackpool in England, in Belfast in Northern Ireland, in Halsingbord in Sweden, and in the American city of Lynn, incidents had taken place leading, in some cases, to the intervention of police dogs and police officers armed with water cannons. In their analysis of the concert, the organisers and the police alike participated in a transnational debate and reacted to rock-related events partly in line with new standards. 7 See Bodo Mrozek, Jugend – Pop – Kultur, p. 641. By 9.10pm, it was clear that this would not suffice. Der näheste Polizeiinspektion Polizei Wasserschutzpolizeistation ~1510.51 km 07274 94670 Alte Schiffbrückenstr. edn (Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, 1978), p. 816. ‘teddy boys’, and ‘juvenile delinquents’ constantly made the headlines. I discuss the reception of the concert more than the band and their music, which are already sufficiently well known, and, in so doing, I draw on police reports and press articles from the months immediately after the event. This ban had already come into effect for concert halls in Cleveland and Baltimore, while nearly fifteen other cities in the United States had decided on a temporary boycott of rock concerts in the name of public safety. On the events at the Waldbühne on September 15, 1965 (report on the execution and experience), Berlin, September 17, 1965, p. 6, PhS 3.43.3. 39 During the 57th session of September 23 and the 58th session of October 7, 1965. 2: Zeithistorische Fallstudien 1958-1988, edited by Bodo Mrozek, Alexa Geisthöve, and Jürgen Danyel. Finden Sie Polizei in der Nähe Ihres Zuhauses von Germersheim. Request by the Wiesbaden Prefect of Police to the Berlin Prefect of Police, dated March 31, 1966, P, meeting between officers of the Protection Police (Schutzpolizei) and Criminal I. Rolf Umbach, ‘Beat Ekstase und Polizeieinsatz’, Polizeischau. Erfolgreich haben sie sich nun auch fÃ¼r das Projekt "Gemeinsam fair und tolerant" im Programm "Hessen - aktiv fÃ¼r Demokratie und gegen Extremismus" beworben. (Boston: Da Capo Press, 1993), p. 132-133. , September 1965; ‘“Sie sollen kreischen”. 10, 5All the way through to the evening, fans continue to flood into the Waldbühne without incident. With almost 21,000 people already crowded inside, several thousand fans who had not been able to get tickets pressed up against the entrance. 8 Memorandum on the arrival of the English band ‘The Rolling Stones’ in Berlin on September 9, 1965, Polizeihistorische Sammlung [hereafter PhS] 3.43.3. In, Popgeschichte. 41). 41 Minutes of the debates published in Polizei Schau. Das Bauwerk ist trutzig, mit kleinen, vergitterten Fenstern und stilisierten Zinnen entlang des Dachfirstes. Als Du näherkommst, mustert er Dich skeptisch. ‘Rock’n’Roll Panic’ in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland”. Police riot squads ready for action,”, Anti-Rock: the Opposition to Rock 'n' Roll, The Rolling Stones’ tour was organised by the youth magazine, following the example of its French counterpart. / 2 / / TdZ November 2020 / Inhalt November 2020 thema theater und architektur. 2: Zeithistorische Fallstudien 1958-1988, Bielefeld: transcript 2014, p. 19-39. Tauschen Sie sich mit Feuerwerk-Experten aus und informieren Sie sich. Weingut Christine Pröstler Zellingen. Der Wachmann hat einen bürstenförmigen Schnauzbart und kleine, grüne Augen. As a result, police reforms and new safety standards for concert halls and arenas were developed and internationally debated. 38 Agency Bulletin ‘Berliner Polizei fuer Verbot von Krawall-Veranstaltungen’, n.d., typescript, PhS 3 ; 39 During the 57 th session of September 23 and the 58 th session of October 7, 1965. 2 Polizeiprasidium Mittelfranken office photos. See the Report of the Schutzpolizei command S1, Berlin, 16 September 1965, p. 3, Polizeihistorische. A virulent debate then ensued between the concert organisers, the media, the police, and politicians, about who was principally to blame and all the interests involved. While different actors tried to add to the disreputable image of the Stones before the concert, presenting them without hesitation as the ‘hardest group in the world’, to set them apart from the ‘nice’ Beatles, the media then only accentuated the desired effect. The Transnational Debates of the 1960s. Fights between Mods and Rockers broke out in seaside resorts in the south of England, while in Paris a mass concert announced as the ‘Nuit de la Nation’ (held on the city’s Place de la Nation) spiralled out of control. Fachzeitschrift für die öffentliche Sicherheit, Extract from the Report of the Institute of Police, Paris,’. Kontakte. had contacted the police before the concert. Déviantes et délinquantes XIXe-XXIe siècles, Sujets déviants, sujets pervers. The Berlin police had taken a range of precautionary measures, including the deployment of 357 officers, 12 mounted officers, and 30 dogs. were thrown onto the stage or at police officers. The event also sparked administrative reform. These included, among others, the ‘Beatlemania’ that – according to the contemporaries – spread like wildfire across Europe, the United States, and as far as Japan. Plainclothes surveillance officers were also present and a space was ready to hold any potential prisoners. In addition to the responsibility borne by the press, a police spokesperson underlined that of the music itself, moving away from the prior conclusions reached by the foremost German police psychologist, Rolf Umbach, for whom the fans’ contorted dancing – described by the media as ‘convulsive nodding and rhythmic swaying of long Jesus-like hair’ or as movements reminiscent of ‘someone milking a female elephant [. 21 See the Report on the execution and experience of the police measures, p. 6. Nr.1 / 1. Internal publications gave accounts of material damage sustained during rock concerts in Paris in 1961, clashes in the south of England in 1964, cases of fainting and ‘hysterical’ behaviour during showings of films about the Beatles that same year, as well as the destruction that took place during Beatles concerts in Australia and in San Francisco.55 The discussion around the Berlin Rolling Stones concert therefore reflected problems that had occurred in other countries, which were taken into account when examining its causes and led to an internationalised approach to police tactics. “Stones Dragnet! Drawing on research conducted on goldfish at the Max Planck Institute, she warned about the danger of beat music impairing cardiac rhythm. The function of such practices is to ‘evacuate natural aggression’ in a controlled environment, in order to ward off more serious harm. predicted that Berlin-Charlottenburg’s Waldbühne, an open-air stage in the shape of an amphitheatre dating back to 1936, should ‘expect anything and everything,’ while the magazine, ran the title ‘Tie down the chairs!’ and stated that they feared ‘the worst.’, promoted the event by means of hype and superlatives: the publicity and tickets promised the ‘hardest band in the world’, with the slogan ‘Things are going to really heat up!’. Der CDU-Abgeordnete Irmer ist für seine Ausfälle gegen Ausländer, den Islam oder Homosexuelle bekannt. Dass mit der Lügenpresse hat … Sohn Anne-Marie, Âge tendre et tête de bois. Al. In their analysis of the concert, the organisers and the police alike participated in a transnational debate and reacted to rock-related events partly in line with new standards. Hoersch Teddy (ed. The police therefore could not use surprise as an excuse, especially not after the precedent set by the destruction of West Berlin’s Sportpalast during Bill Haley’s concert in 1958.33 A virulent debate then ensued between the concert organisers, the media, the police, and politicians, about who was principally to blame and all the interests involved. See the following interview with someone who participated in the clashes: ‘Wenn man da mitten drinne is, denn fällt det ja nich uff, wenn da eener mehr mitmischt’. Bremen city services and police force asked to consult the files of their colleagues in Berlin in order to examine the conditions for banning the concert of the ‘so-called beat-band, the Rolling Stones’. Politicians used these arguments to call for a ban. Dem ewigen Gott vertrau allein, was deine Seel bedrückt. edn (Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, 1978), p. 816. 1, Germersheim, RHEINLAND-PFALZ, 76726 Kontakt Map Öffnungszeiten Bewertungen At the same time, the deliberate destruction of the Waldbühne’s equipment began. Am Dienstag kehren die Rolling Stones auf die Berliner Waldbühne zurück. Attica ? Bravo’s tour included concerts in Münster, Essen, Munich, Berlin, and Hamburg. The main concert was scheduled to begin at 9.30pm.12, 6The Berlin police had taken a range of precautionary measures, including the deployment of 357 officers, 12 mounted officers, and 30 dogs.13 Task forces and ‘substantial reinforcements’ were on stand-by next to the stage.14 Plainclothes surveillance officers were also present and a space was ready to hold any potential prisoners.15 But it was clear that no major public order issues were expected because equipment was limited to ‘uniforms, protective visors, and batons’ with no helmets or riot shields.16. , September 9, 1965; ‘Bindet die Stühle an!’, Before the Stones’ German tour, the popular newspaper. In defence of their strategy, police leaders pointed to the effects of alcohol but also to the ‘systematic propaganda of the tabloid press’, which had been ratcheting up the tension for weeks with sensationalist headlines as though hoping to provoke clashes. 11 See the Report of the Schutzpolizei command S1, Berlin, 16 September 1965, p. 3, Polizeihistorische Sammlung Berlin 3.43.3. Join Facebook to connect with Ulrike Lehmann and others you may know. Certain accounts report that some of the audience climbed onto the benches and jumped up and down on them in rhythm, whilst shouting in chorus for the concert to continue. ‘Rock’n’Roll Panic’ in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland”, in: Bodo Mrozek et. 1 See Bodo Mrozek, Jugend – Pop – Kultur. In reality, the group were discreetly housed in Grunewald, a sparsely populated area on the outskirts of Berlin, largely covered in forest. . rev. This lighting had been chosen based on experiments conducted in jazz concerts, which seemed to show that fans’ emotions could be channelled and literally ‘cooled down’ by white light. Liste der Bundesländer, in denen sich die Unternehmen der Kategorie Polizei befinden Bielefeld: transcript, 2014, pp. A free inside look at Polizeiprasidium Mittelfranken offices and culture posted anonymously by employees. ‘Rock’n’Roll Panic’ in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland”. Policing the Stones: Music and Violence in Berlin. An initial police intervention cleared the stage, although not without ‘the use of batons’, and, after a short pause, the group was able to resume playing. 1, Germersheim, Rheinland-Pfalz, 76726 Kontakt Map Öffnungszeiten Bewertungen The next day, the police report recorded a heavy toll and some of these figures would later be revised upwards: 89 detentions, 61 injured given first aid, 28 injured treated as outpatients, 26 injured police officers – 6 of whom were hospitalised –, one injured horse, one urban train wagon destroyed (S-Bahn), and 300,000 Deutschmarks of material damage sustained by the Waldbühne. The police force present managed to clear the stage and surrounding area, through the use of batons. Thi Meyhöfers Gasthaus Kremmen. Schutzpolizei S 1, n.d.., n.p., PhS 3.43.3. FEUERWERK.net ist seit über 20 Jahren das bedeutendste und reichweitenstärkste deutschsprachige Internetportal für Feuerwerk und Pyrotechnik. 13 See the Report on the execution and experience of the police measures (note 7), p. 13. , October 24, 1966; ‘Rolling Stones kommen nicht. 27 Annex b3 to S 1 524/65 of September 23, 1965: ‘Abschrift des Kommentars von Matthias Walden über den Verlauf der Veranstaltung mit den Rolling Stones in der Waldbühne’, PhS 3.43.3. The police force present managed to clear the stage and surrounding area, through the use of batons. Und nicht jede/r, den/die Polizeigewalt treffe, sei unschuldig daran. Misinformation had deliberately been leaked to the press claiming that rooms had been booked in the city centre. 15It is true that due to problems with their insurance, the Waldbühne remained in ruins for so long that it was not able to host another beat music concert during the following years. Analysing the aftermath of the concert, the article demonstrates how not only the event itself, but also the effects of rock music in general and the state of post-war youth, were discussed extensively in the media and even in a political debate at the Berlin city parliament. Larger groups were also ‘dispersed’ using fire hoses and a few youths were apprehended and placed in the space for prisoners. Agency Bulletin ‘Berliner Polizei fuer Verbot von Krawall-Veranstaltungen’, n.d., typescript, PhS 3, Note on the urgent question of the CDU group on the prevention of scenes of violence and vandalism, Polizei Schau. were thrown onto the stage or at police officers. In May 1966, in anticipation of the Beatles concert, Wiesbaden police organised a working meeting on the topic of ‘modern police behaviour towards young people’, in which there was discussion of the lessons to be learned from the events in Berlin. Eine transnationale Geschichte, Portail de ressources électroniques en sciences humaines et sociales, Surveiller les Stones : musique et violence à Berlin. Zeitschrift für musisches Leben in der Jugend, no V, October 1965, p. 240-243. Eine transnationale Geschichte (Youth – Pop – Culture: A Transnational History) was published by Suhrkamp-Verlag in 2019. It analyses how youth culture and popular culture were criminalised and became established in six countries in the 1950s and 1960s. After the event, these expressions would come to be considered prophetic. Nach dem jüngsten Interview von CDU-Abgeordneten Hans-Jürgen 12In addition to the responsibility borne by the press, a police spokesperson underlined that of the music itself, moving away from the prior conclusions reached by the foremost German police psychologist, Rolf Umbach, for whom the fans’ contorted dancing – described by the media as ‘convulsive nodding and rhythmic swaying of long Jesus-like hair’ or as movements reminiscent of ‘someone milking a female elephant [sic]’34.’ – was merely ‘a harmless ritual outlet’. Dachdeckermeister Felix Strenzke Putgolla 7, 03099 Kolkwitz (Glinzig) Dach Deckert ... Zentraldienst der Polizei für Technik und Beschaffung Lipezker Straße 45, Cottbus (Innenstadt) Chinarestaurant Ming Dynastie Am Dienstag kehren die Rolling Stones auf die Berliner Waldbühne zurück. This was also due to the fact that, in this particular case, the publisher of the main Berlin tabloid newspaper was also the organiser of the concert. Grotum Thomas, “Die Bill-Haley-Tournee 1958. Misinformation had deliberately been leaked to the press claiming that rooms had been booked in the city centre. .’ – was merely ‘a harmless ritual outlet’. Die neuen Sitze der Waldbühne können einiges aushalten’. Für seine Leistungen wurde Town & Country Haus mehrfach ausgezeichnet: Neben dem Franchise-Geber-Preis (2003) zählen der EKS-Strategiepreis (2004), der dritte Platz beim „Sales Award“ des Handelsblattes (2005) sowie der Deutsche Franchise-Nehmer-Preis 2006 zu den wichtigsten Auszeichnungen. Teilen Sie das: Wasserschutzpolizeistation 07274 94670 Alte Schiffbrückenstr. which, two years earlier, had organised the concert in Paris at Place de la Nation in collaboration with the radio station Europe 1. “Rolling Stones” haben in Berlin viel vor’, Bild, September 2, 1965. had declared that the group’s ‘main objective’ was ‘hysteria, fainting, and turmoil’. In a close reading of records from the Berlin Police archives, it understands the events at the concert as the combined result of a lack of experience with new cultural forms of expression, old-fashioned ideas of ‘order’ deeply rooted in German history, and logistical failures. In these interpretations, it is above all male aggression that is ‘tamed’ in this way. From the outset, preparations included a large police operation. 35 See ‘Ventilsitte’, Lexikon zur Soziologie, edited by Werner Fuchs et al., 2nd rev. Eine transnationale Geschichte. (Ed. See ‘Die “Rolling Stones” wohnen im Hilton’, Bild-Zeitung, 8 September 1965; Report on the execution and experience of the police measures relating to the Berlin visit of the ‘Rolling Stones’, Berlin, September 23, 1965, p. 3, PhS 3.43.3. Memorandum on the arrival of the English band ‘The Rolling Stones’ in Berlin on September 9, 1965, Polizeihistorische Sammlung [hereafter PhS] 3.43.3. , 8 September 1965; Report on the execution and experience of the police measures relating to the Berlin visit of the ‘Rolling Stones’, Berlin, September 23, 1965, p. 3, PhS 3.43.3. Bitte, Frau Petry, nennen Sie einen Stadtbezirk, wo die Polizei nicht mehr hingeht! 55 ‘Krawalle im Ausland’, Die Polizei. Police Report on the events at the Waldbühne on September 15, 1965, sheet 2. When the spotlights were suddenly turned off, at the organisers’ request, to signal to the audience that the show was over, many of them panicked as they were suddenly plunged into darkness. In 1968, the West German magazine Kontakte published an article entitled ‘Do you want total beat?’ paraphrasing Goebbels’ 1943 speech on ‘total war’ at the Berlin Sportpalast and citing a musical education specialist from Bremen, Gotho von Irmer. A new debate about the state of that youth began. Dynamiques des révoltes dans les prisons (XXe-XIXe siècles, Amérique du Nord, Europe), L’administration pénitentiaire, 1945, 1975, 2015. Pop Culture Panics: How Moral Crusaders Construct Meanings of Deviance and Delinquency. Habt ihr irgendwelche Ideen ?! In Popgeschichte. Naissance des réformes, problématiques, actualité, Détective, histoire, imaginaire, médiapoétique d’un hebdomadaire de fait divers (1928-1940), “Mauvaises filles”. Motorbikes proved more effective than horses, which tended to be too sensitive to the noise of the drums and firecrackers. In order better to understand the events in Germany, the German police asked the French police for their files on the ‘Nuit de la Nation’. Once again, then, the 1960s emerge as a period of transition (. In unserem Nachrichtenticker können Sie live die neuesten Eilmeldungen auf Deutsch von Portalen, Zeitungen, Magazinen und Blogs lesen sowie nach älteren Meldungen suchen. But only twenty minutes later, the organisers stopped the concert.19 Around 9.50pm, the spotlights that had been flooding the stage with bright white light were turned off.20 This lighting had been chosen based on experiments conducted in jazz concerts, which seemed to show that fans’ emotions could be channelled and literally ‘cooled down’ by white light. Bielefeld: transcript, 2014, pp. 5,390 Followers, 33 Following, 341 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from BUND Naturschutz in Bayern (@bundnaturschutz) Gesammelte Schriften V, Sozialpsychologie 3. ’) in the process establishing a new rock and pop culture. The morning of September 16, the Waldbühne was not the only thing in tatters: according to certain commentators, the same was true for the image of beat music, of Anglo-American rock, and of a portion of the country’s youth. Translated into English from the French by Lucy Garnier. Pathologie mentale, sexualité et expérience de l'autre, La prévention des récidives : Évaluation, suivis, partenariats, Les Fourches Patibulaires du Moyen Âge à l’Époque moderne. . Enjeux historiques, perspectives contemporaines, Folie et justice de l'Antiquité à l'époque contemporaine, Figures de faux-monnayeurs du Moyen Âge à nos jours, Identification, contrôle et surveillance des personnes, Espaces de détention : territoires, patrimoines et lieux vécus, Attica ! In Hamburg, only plain clothes officers had been used, some of whom were dressed as young fans in order to be able to marshal the crowd if necessary.45 Motorbikes proved more effective than horses, which tended to be too sensitive to the noise of the drums and firecrackers. In the debate that ensued at Berlin’s Municipal Parliament, elected officials from across the political spectrum all referred to on-going debates about so-called changes in values among the youth of the time. Sternheimer Karen, Pop Culture Panics: How Moral Crusaders Construct Meanings of Deviance and Delinquency.
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